Texas Forest Trail Region

Texas Forest Trail Region

The Texas Forest Trail Region is a 35-county area of East Texas. It is one of 10 heritage regions that make up the Texas Historical Commission's award-winning tourism initiative, the Texas Heritage Trails Program. This heritage region was the "Gateway to Texas" for prehistoric Caddo Indians, Spanish and French explorers, Anglo pioneers, enslaved and freed African Americans, and European immigrants. Shadows of early Caddo and Spanish occupation linger, African American communities persevere, and the stories of Texas's emergence from wilderness to great state unfold in the region's numerous towns.

www.texasforesttrail.com

Atlanta

Photos of Atlanta

Atlanta Historical Museum

Housed in the historic Texas and Pacific Railroad Depot, the Atlanta Historical Museum showcases the community's history with a special emphasis on child-friendly exhibits, which makes this a great stop for traveling families. A scale model of a Curtiss Jenny bi-wing plane, the centerpiece of the museum, and a display honor the town's most famous citizen, the pioneering African American pilot Bessie Coleman.

101 N. East St. Atlanta, TX 75551 (Map it) 903.796.1892www.atlantatexas.org/home/museum.asp

Beaumont

McFaddin-Ward House

The carriage house at the McFaddin-Ward House features quarters for domestic employees, most of whom were African American. The house museum features a flyer and interpretation on this subject.

Designations:
  • NR
  • RTHL
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

1906 McFaddin Ave. Beaumont, TX 77701 (Map it) www.mcfaddin-ward.org

Clear Creek

Shankleville

This freedmen's community in Newton County is featured in the sidebar "Freedmen's Communities" of the booklet African Americans in Texas: A Lasting Legacy. More details are available on the Shankleville website, including information about the annual homecomings.

Designations:
  • SM
  • HTC
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

TX (Map it) www.shankleville.org/ www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/hrs75.html

Crockett

Photos of Crockett

Germany Community

The community name of Germany originated from references to a German family that settled here. The first African Americans arrived in this area as slaves. Following the Civil War, a group of former slaves that included John Burt, George Smith, Lewis Hall and Van and Jane Benton applied for and received land patents in the area. In 1883, the community constructed the New Pleasant Hill Baptist Church, which doubled as a school, and set aside land for a cemetery. The agricultural community of Germany has never been large, but the church remains active and hosts several social events throughout the year.

Designations:
  • SM
(Key)
TX 75835 (Map it)

10 miles northeast of Crockett off SH 21


Mary Allen Junior College

Currently in a rough state, this National Register of Historic Places property was originally called Crockett Presbyterian Church Colored Sabbath School. Later, it was known as Mary Allen Seminary, Seminary for Colored Girls and, finally, Mary Allen Junior College

Designations:
  • NR
  • SM
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

803 N. 4th St. Crockett, TX 75835 (Map it)

On the crest of a hill one mile north of the town square

www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/MM/kbm8.html www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~txhousto/schools/mary_allen_seminary.htm

Dekalb

Garland Community School Teacherage

Also known as Garland Rosenwald Teacherage, this was a Rosenwald school.

Designations:
  • NR
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

Dekalb, TX 75559 (Map it)

Near FM 1701 and CR 4301

Hawkins

Jarvis Christian College

The story of this historically African American institution is told in stained glass windows on site. The Florence Robinson Cottage, which is located on campus, is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Designations:
  • NR
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

Hawkins, TX 75765 (Map it)

U.S. 80 E., about 1 mile east of Hawkins at Private Road 7631

www.jarvis.edu

Jefferson

Stilley-Young House

This building was home to an African American barber who catered to elite Anglos.

Designations:
  • NR
  • RTHL
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

405 Moseley St. Jefferson, TX 75657 (Map it)

Kildare

Whitaker Memorial Cemetery

This African American cemetery contains graves of former slaves and freedmen, and it is still used as a burial ground.

Designations:
  • SM
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

TX (Map it)

About three miles south of Kildare on FM 248

Linden

Cave Springs Community

Located near Linden, this ghost town was the supposed birthplace of Scott Joplin.

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

TX (Map it)

Outside Linden, near CR 1629 and SH 155


Department of Agriculture and Post Office Building

An award-winning mural in this building depicts sharecroppers in East Texas. "The Last Crop" (aka "Cotton Pickers") was painted by Victor Arnautoff in 1939.

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

Linden, TX 75563 (Map it)

Corner of Rush and Kaufman streets

www.lindentexas.org/tourism/?c=11

Pleasant Hill School

This National Register of Historic Places property was a Rosenwald school.

Designations:
  • NR
  • RTHL
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

2722 FM 1399 Linden, TX 75563 (Map it)

Longview

Gregg County Historical Museum

This museum contains a permanent exhibit on African American history, as well as rotating exhibits during African American History Month (February).

Designations:
  • NR
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

214 N. Fredonia St. Longview, TX 75601 (Map it) 903.753.3281www.gregghistorical.org

Marshall

Photos of Marshall

Buard History Trail

This driving tour provides an overview of Marshall's history and includes important African American sites, such as historic Wiley College, New Town and the Old Powder Mill Cemetery, which includes the graves of two of the famous Tuskegee Airmen who served in World War II. The city installed interpretative markers for each of the stops on the Buard History Trail, which is named in honor of the late Rebecca D. Buard, a popular local historian. Before beginning the tour, stop by the Marshall Convention and Visitors Bureau to pick up a trail guide brochure or CD, or call in advance to arrange a guided tour. This driving tour provides an overview of Marshall's history and includes important African American sites, such as historic Wiley College, New Town and the Old Powder Mill Cemetery, which includes the graves of two of the famous Tuskegee Airmen who served in World War II. The city installed interpretative markers for each of the stops on the Buard History Trail, which is named in honor of the late Rebecca D. Buard, a popular local historian. Before beginning the tour, stop by the Marshall Convention and Visitors Bureau to pick up a trail guide brochure or CD, or call in advance to arrange a guided tour.

213 W. Austin St. Marshall, TX 75670 (Map it) 903.935.7868

Old Powder Mill Cemetery

This is the oldest African American burial ground in continuous use in Marshall

Designations:
  • SM
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

Marshall, TX 75670 (Map it)

George Gregg St at Baffo Rd (other directions say “on FM 1997, just south of Loop 390”)

www.txgenes.com/TXHarrison/Cems/PowderMillCemA-B.htm

Sabine Farms

Sabine Farms was an agricultural community established by the New Deal Resettlement Administration to help people displaced during the Great Depression. One of only 13 such communities for African Americans, it is featured in the sidebar "Farming for a Better Life" in the booklet African Americans in Texas: A Lasting Legacy.

Designations:
  • SM
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

Marshall, TX (Map it)

From Marshall, take U.S. 59 south for 11 miles; turn right on FM 1186; Sabine Farms is on the left after eight miles

www.marshallnewsmessenger.com/news/article_b634ed92-7c32-11df-8ed1-001cc4c03286.html www.preservationtexas.org/endangered/2004.htm

Wiley College

Founded in 1873, Wiley College was named after Bishop Isaac Wiley of the Methodist Episcopal Church North. In 1882, Wiley became the first college west of the Mississippi River certified by the Freedmen's Aid Society. In 1935, Wiley College's debate team, coached by Melvin Tolson, made headlines when it defeated the University of Southern California's national championship team, a feat that inspired the film "The Great Debaters" (2007). One member of the team, James Farmer, Jr., assisted in founding a major civil rights organization, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE). In 1962, students from Wiley and Bishop colleges held sit-ins at the Woolworth's and Fry Hodge stores in downtown Marshall.

Designations:
  • SM
(Key)
711 Wiley Ave. Marshall, TX 75670 (Map it) 903.927.3300www.wileyc.edu

Nacogdoches

Photos of Nacogdoches

Zion Hill Historic District

The history of this district is typical of many southern U.S. communities after the Civil War. Zion Hill was home primarily to service workers, including shop porters, servants, maids, cooks and groundskeepers for affluent white families living on nearby Mound Street. One-story framed dwellings known as shotgun houses dominate the area. The Gothic Revival-style 1914 Zion Hill Baptist Church anchors the neighborhood, and the Oak Grove cemetery contains graves dating to 1837. The Center for East Texas
Studies provides a website with more information.

Designations:
  • NR
  • SM
(Key)
Nacogdoches, TX 75961 (Map it)

Roughly bounded by Park Street, the Lanana Creek, Oak Grove Cemetery and North Lanana Street

www.cets.sfasu.edu

Palestine

Lincoln School

This is the only historically African American school remaining in Palestine.

Designations:
  • NR
  • SM
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

902 W. Swantz Palestine, TX 75801 (Map it)

Mount Vernon African Methodist Episcopal Church

This church is home to the oldest African American congregation in the city.

Designations:
  • NR
  • RTHL
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

913 E. Calhoun Palestine, TX 75801 (Map it)

San Augustine

San Augustine Negro Hotel

Also known as the Lewis Hotel, this Greek Revival-style building was the only African American hotel in San Augustine

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

500 W. Columbia St. San Augustine, TX 75972 (Map it)

Texarkana

Dr. A.H.A. and Ruby Jones House

Designations:
  • RTHL
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

1121 S. Lake Dr. Texarkana, TX 75501 (Map it)

Museum of Regional History

The museum features exhibits on Scott Joplin.

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

219 State Line Ave. Texarkana, TX 71854 (Map it) 903.793.4831www.texarkanamuseums.org

Tyler

St. James Colored Methodist Episcopal Church

Designations:
  • NR
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

408 N. Border Ave. Tyler, TX 75702 (Map it)

Texas College

Established by the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church, this historically African American college features some notable buildings. Both Martin Hall and President's House are listed on the National Register for Historic Places

Designations:
  • NR
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

2404 N. Grand Ave. Tyler, TX 75702 (Map it) www.texascollegeonline.net

Weeping Mary

Weeping Mary

Located in Cherokee County, adjacent to Caddo Mounds State Historic Site and along El Camino Real del los Tejas, this freedmen's community was the recipient of an undertold stories historical marker in 2009.

Designations:
  • SM
(Key)

Visitation Note

Visitation Note

This site is significant to African American history in Texas, but it may not be accessible to the public for visitation. The THC recommends that you contact the site before attempting to visit, if possible.

Weeping Mary, TX 75925 (Map it)

CR 2907 off SH 21, behind Caddo Mounds State Historic Site

Texas Forest Trail Region

A statue of blues legend Lightnin' Hopkins—who once played for tips on Camp Street—sits across from the Camp Street Café & Store, a music venue in Crockett